Former Wayne assistant prosecutor Karen Plants disbarred

Former Wayne County assistant prosecutor Karen Plants has been disbarred for her role in a perjury scandal. [Opinion hosted on SBM Blog].

Plants was the prosecutor in the People v. Aceval case which landed former Judge Mary Waterstone in hot, er, water.

She was initially suspended for two years, but the Attorney Discipline Board said that was too light considering her role in allowing knowingly false testimony from police officers and an informant to hide the identity of the informant.

According to the opinion, Plants allowed the following to happen during the course of the trial:

*Respondent’s statements to defense counsel that Povish had no “deals” before his testimony at trial (for which he was given immunity at the insistence of defense counsel);
*False testimony by Povish that he had not met Rechtzigel or McArthur before March 11, 2005, when in fact he had been a confidential informant on this and other cases before then;
*False testimony by Povish about his employment and sources of income (i.e., excluding his income as an informant on Aceval/Pena and other cases);
*False testimony by Povish that he had no “deal” with the police or prosecution before he began to testify;
*False testimony by Povish about why the police did not charge him along with Aceval and Pena for possession of 47 kilos of cocaine, what the police said when they let him go, whether he was worried about being prosecuted, and why he did not hire an attorney.

She was accused of not just keeping information from the court, but keeping it from her supervisors who were advising her on how to proceed.

The Administrator argues that respondent did not suddenly find herself in a jam; nor did the situation unexpectedly “snowball.” We agree. She made a decision to call a confidential informant who participated in the drug transaction as a witness at trial, and then she did what was necessary to keep his relationship to the police from the jury. The lack of reflection about the seriousness of the submission of false testimony that is shown by respondent’s failure to consider readily available and ethically required alternatives is disturbing. …

Therefore, although this lawyer has served the system well in the past, when we consider the mitigation offered against the backdrop of the entirety of the circumstances here, it is our considered view that disbarment is not only appropriate in this case, but that anything less would seriously weaken a lawyer’s cardinal duty to the system of justice.

MSC to consider COA’s conflict ruling in Waterstone case

What a mess.

Back in 2005, when Mary Waterstone was still a Wayne County Circuit Court judge, the Wayne County prosecutor’s office charged Alexander Aceval with narcotics trafficking and took the matter to trial.

Waterstone presided. Karen Plants handled the prosecution. The jury deadlocked. A new trial was scheduled for June 1, 2006.

But before his retrial, Aceval came forward with an amazing tale. At his first trial, he claimed, two cops took the stand and lied to protect a confidential informant’s identity. Aceval alleged that the informant had lied as well.

Okay, here’s the really amazing part: Aceval said Plants knew about the perjury, had two ex parte hearings with Waterstone to tell her all about it, Waterstone sealed the hearing transcripts, didn’t say a word to Aceval and still let the case go to the jury.

Aceval said all of this meant there should be no retrial, especially not with Waterstone presiding and Plants prosecuting.

Waterstone disqualified herself. The retrial proceeded as scheduled with a new judge, who unsealed the ex parte hearing transcripts. The transcipts revealed that the perjury was apparently tolerated in a woefully misguided, and ultimately unsuccessful attempt, to keep the informant’s identity confidential.

The plot thickened with allegations that Aceval, before the retrial, convinced one of the prosecution’s witnesses to do some lying of his own on Aceval’s behalf.

The witness said that was indeed what happened and purged his testimony. The retrial was cut short when Aceval pleaded guilty to possession with intent to distribute more than 1,000 grams of cocaine.

Aceval repeated his allegations about Waterstone, Plants, the informant and cops in a federal-court suit filed on Nov. 30, 2006. Waterstone, naturally, was a named defendant. Because she was a judge at the time, the state attorney general’s office stepped up to defend her. On March 17, 2008, the federal court dismissed Aceval’s case, which he had filed pro per while in prison, apparently because he didn’t give the court his address.

Meanwhile, Wayne County Prosecutor Kym Worthy had a problem on her hands. Worthy decided that due to a clear conflict of interest, she could not initiate any criminal charges relating to the perjury. She asked the Michigan Prosecuting Attorney’s Coordinating Council to assign a special prosecutor. The council was turned down by prosecutors from four different counties.

Attorney General Mike Cox stepped up to the plate and took the case.

While the AG’s office was working up its investigation of Waterstone, the Court of Appeals was considering Aceval’s appeal. No doubt about it, wrote Judge Kirsten Frank Kelly on Feb. 5, 2009:

defendant was denied due process because of the trial court’s and the prosecutor’s misconduct. However, here we stress that defendant was not convicted following his first trial; rather, the trial court declared a mistrial because of a hung jury. This was clearly the appropriate remedy. Although both the trial court’s and the prosecutor’s conduct was plainly reprehensible, the blameworthiness of either is not the critical factor, because the primary inquiry is the misconduct’s effect on the trial. …

In this case, the complained-of misconduct did not prejudice defendant because he received the remedy that was due him: a new trial.

For these reasons, defendant’s constitutional due process claim must fail. …


See, People v. Aceval. (majority opinion) (concurring opinion)

The AG’s office issued felony charges against Waterstone the very next month. Waterstone responded that Cox’s office defended her when Aceval sued in federal court and now wanted to prosecute her on basically the same facts. Waterstone argued that a conflict of interest prevented the AG from prosecuting her.

Up at the Michigan Supreme Court, Aceval was pressing his argument that his first trial had been too tainted to even permit a second trial, the one that ultimately resulted in his guilty plea. The MSC split 3-3 on taking the case, which meant the COA’s affirmance of Aceval’s conviction was left intact.

The 3-3 split resulted because Justice Maura Corrigan had agreed to be a character witness for Waterstone if her case ever comes to trial. See, The Michigan Lawyer, “MSC denies drug defendant’s appeal on 3-3 vote, Corrigan may testify for former judge in related case

Last month, the COA, in People v. Waterstone, agreed with the former judge’s argument that Cox’s office had no business being in the case.

We conclude that the Attorney General violated the MRPC in undertaking the prosecution of defendant regarding misconduct in office in conjunction with the Aceval trial, where the Attorney General formerly defended her against Aceval’s federal claims, without first obtaining her consent. [My emphasis, not the COA’s]

To remedy the conflict of interest, we direct that the Attorney General withdraw from the prosecution of this case.

As you might have expected, the AG sought leave to appeal.

Last week, the MSC ordered Waterstone and the AG’s office to appear before the Court and argue whether leave should be granted. Corrigan again stated she wasn’t participating because she might be called to testify for Waterstone.

If the MSC ultimately rules that there is a conflict, it’s back to square one. The hunt for a prosecutor will begin anew, and, recall, they’re not exactly lining up at the gates for a crack at this one.

What a mess, and there’s no end in sight.

Waterstone catches break from MSC

The Michigan Supreme Court has put the prosecution of former Wayne County Circuit Judge Mary Waterstone on hold.

She’s facing felony charges for allegedly allowing perjury at a drug trial.

The MSC’s order directs the Michigan Court of Appeals to decide whether Attorney General Mike Cox can continue as prosecutor in the case.

From The Associated Press

The Supreme Court’s decision Thursday postpones a key hearing set for Monday to determine if there’s probable cause to send Waterstone to trial.

Waterstone wants the attorney general’s office off the case because it represented her in a separate but related civil lawsuit. The appeals court must make a ruling by mid-March.

Former prosecutor Karen Plants and two suburban police officers are also charged in the case.

Of note: Justice Michael Cavanagh voted against considering Waterstone’s request to boot Cox from the case. Justice Maura Corrigan did not particiapte in the decision because she has offered to be a character witness for Waterstone if the matter goes to trial.

Ex-judge Waterstone seeks help from Michigan Supreme Court

From The Detroit News:

 A former Detroit judge wants the Michigan Supreme Court to review a decision that allows her to be prosecuted by the state attorney general’s office.

Mary Waterstone is charged with four felonies for her role in a Wayne County drug trial in 2005. She’s accused of allowing witnesses to lie.

Waterstone wants the attorney general’s office off the case because it represented her in a separate but related civil lawsuit. Three courts so far have ruled against her.

Bail revocation hearing set for Waterstone

“A judge ordered a bail revocation hearing today for retired Wayne County Circuit Judge Mary Waterstone, who faces a perjury-related felony charge, after Waterstone failed to show up for a status conference (Tuesday),” according to the Detroit Free Press.

“The Michigan Attorney General’s Office alleges Waterstone allowed ex-prosecutor Karen Plants and Inkster Police Officers Robert McArthur and Scott Rechtzigel to use false testimony to hide the key witness’ role as a paid informant in connection with a 2005 drug trial.

“Waterstone is charged with official misconduct for keeping the false testimony secret from the defense lawyers and jurors.”

Can Cox prosecute Waterstone?

Wayne County Circuit Court Judge Daniel Hathaway is expected to rule later today whether the Michigan attorney general’s office can prosecute former Wayne County Circuit Court Judge Mary Waterstone and others on charges related to perjured testimony at a 2005 drug trial.

Attorney General Mike Cox was brought into the case after Wayne County Prosecutor Kym Worthy disqualified herself. In addition to Waterstone, Karen Plants, a former Wayne County drug prosecutor, and two Inkster police officers are also being tried for perjury-related charges.

Waterstone argued that Cox shouldn’t be on the case because of a conflict in interest. His office defended her in Judicial Tenure Commission proceedings arising from the same incident.

Hathaway will sort it all out later today. If Cox is removed from the case, a special prosecutor will be appointed.

MSC denies drug defendant’s appeal on 3-3 vote, Corrigan may testify for former judge in related case

The Michigan Supreme Court, on a 3-3 vote, has let stand the conviction of Alexander Aceval, the Inkster bar owner who pleaded guilty in a second criminal drug prosecution after his first conviction was tossed out because the trial judge, the prosecutor and two witnesses allegedly acquiesced to perjured testimony.

The 3-3 split resulted when Michigan Supreme Court Justice Maura Corrigan declined to participate in the appeal. Corrigan wrote, “I may be a witness in a related case.”

According to a report in The Detroit News, Corrigan has agreed to be a character witness for former Wayne County Circuit Court Judge Mary Waterstone, who presided over Aceval’s first trial. Waterstone, former Wayne County drug prosecutor Karen Plants, and two Inkster police officers now face felony charges arising from the perjury allegations in connection with Aceval’s first trial.

Here’s how the MSC’s voting went: Justices Elizabeth Weaver, Robert Young and Diane Hathaway voted, without comment, to deny the appeal.

Chief Justice Marilyn Kelly dissented from the denial, raising concerns that Aceval may have been denied the right to counsel of his choice.

She also said the Court should “address whether defendant was deprived of due process such that retrial should be barred. The prosecution acquiesced in the presentation of perjured testimony in order to conceal the identity of a confidential informant.”

Justice Stephen Markman also dissented.

False testimony was provided in this drug-related criminal prosecution, and the police, the assistant prosecutor, and trial court were apparently aware of this. Defendant’s first trial, at which the false testimony was offered, ended in a mistrial. Subsequently, the trial court allowed the prosecutor to initiate a second criminal prosecution, which resulted in a guilty plea. After remand from this Court, the Court of Appeals affirmed, and defendant now appeals to this Court. Because this is a remarkable case, I would grant leave to appeal for the exclusive purpose of determining whether, pursuant to the double jeopardy clauses of the United States Constitution, US Const, Am V, and the Michigan Constitution, Const 1963, art 1, sec 15, a second trial should have been barred.

Justice Michael Cavanagh joined in Markman’s dissent.

Evidentiary hearing delayed in perjury prosecution against former Wayne County judge, others

A much-anticipated evidentiary hearing for former Wayne County Circuit Judge Mary Waterstone, retired Wayne County Assistant Prosecutor Karen Plants and Inkster Sgt. Scott Rechtzigel and Officer Robert McArthur has been delayed until later this month, reports The Detroit News.

Attorney General Mike Cox is prosecuting the four on perjury or suborning perjury charges.

From The Detroit News:

The latest delay stems from a lawsuit filed in Wayne County Circuit Court by Waterstone. She wants to remove Cox from the case because of claims of conflict of interest. An attorney from his office defended her against complaints related to the case filed with the Michigan Judicial Tenure Commission. A hearing is set for Sept. 25.

Plants and the officers are charged with obstruction of justice, which is punishable by up to life in prison. Waterstone faces misconduct charges that carry a possible five-year sentence.

Prosecutors allege all four defendants knew officers lied on the witness stand to hide the identity of an undercover informant, who also testified falsely.